Tips for pest control in an organic garden
Organic pest control is the best method of controlling pests in your organic garden. It is also much safer for your family, the natural wildlife, your garden and the environment. It contains a combination of both preventive methods and supporting their natural eco-systems. Before the insects attack your garden, the following tips of organic pest control should be applied.
Maintaining healthy soil
It is the first step towards organic pest control. Unhealthy plants are more vulnerable to insect attacks. Watering should be done moderately, not too little or too much, amending the soil with mulch and compost should be done and apply only organic fertilizers. Planting should be done in such a way that the plant receives enough amounts of sunlight and optimal shading. Compost teal keep the plants happy by introducing healthy bacteria into the soil. Soil tests should be done by a professional so as to establish the nutrients that are blacking in the soil.
Silver reflective mulch
This is a new method of controlling pests. This is a thin shiny silver sheet that is placed on the soil around the plant. In addition to preventing water loss, it also freaks the insects and birds keeping them away and reflecting light on the lower side of the leaves thus repelling insects that seek shading.
This involves planting together plants that help each other in repelling insects. For example, garlic drives off aphids and so can be planted together with roses. To protect tomatoes basil is used. The plants should be closely planted creating a permaculture-like habitat instead of a monoculture.
Garlic oil spray
The spray is used to send away insects. The spray is made by placing freshly cut and minced garlic in a container of vegetable oil for some weeks. A mixture in the ratio of one unit of the garlic mixture is to four units of water is sprayed around the plant and on the leaves. Another alternative is by use of garlic as a companion plant.
This is made by pressing the seeds from a Neem tree. It is largely used across the world to keep away insects such as aphids, beetles, houseflies, ants, caterpillars and cockroaches, nematodes, snails and mealy bugs. The oil also controls fungus and mildew. It should be used in the right concentration and so should be purchased commercially.
Use of beneficial creatures
Creatures such as frogs and lizards feed on insects that might be harming your plants. It is therefore important to create a proper habitat for these animals. One way is by placing small sources of water and keeping pets like cats indoor. Some farmers may even opt to create a habitat for such animals. Ensure that the animals you introduce exist naturally in your area.
Although this method may consume a lot of time, it is a cheap and an effective method of controlling pests in your organic garden. For example, small insects like aphids that attach on vegetable leaves can be controlled by removing the leaves entirely. If this is done a few times every day, most infestations will not get to serious levels.
Integrated pest management
This is a more complex method of controlling insects in your organic garden. It majorly depends on the knowledge about the specific insects, their life cycle, measures of preventing them, biological and manual ways of controlling them.